OBESITY

I have chosen to speak about this topic because I think obesity is a big problem, a big health challenge and everyday this problem increases due to people choice of lifestyle and negligence. All of us love to have a well built bodies or at least not be obese. Therefore we need to view obesity as a chronic disease so as to pay closer attention to its health implications.
WHAT IS OBESITY? Obesity is a condition where a person has accumulated so much body fat that might have a negative effect on their health. Obesity means having too much fat; it is different from being overweight which means weight above your standard weight. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat and or body water. Both means that a person’s weight is greater than what is considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity occurs over time, the imbalance between calorie-in and calorie-out.
TYPES OF OBESITY?
1. Upper body obesity or Apple shape; this is associated with more heart disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes.
Abdominal fat is released right into the liver, Encouraged by testosterone and excessive alcohol intake.
2. Lower body obesity or pear shaped; Encouraged by estrogen and progesterone, less health risks than upper body obesity.
CLASSIFICATION OF OBESITY BASED ON BODY MASS INDEX MEASUREMENT
<18.5 underweight 18.5 – 24.9 healthy weight 25 – 29.9. Overweight 30 – 34.9 Obesity grade 1 (monitor for risk) 35 – 39.9 Obesity grade 2 (increased health risk) >40. Obesity grade 3 (major health risk)
CAUSES OF OBESITY
Genetics
Overeating
A diet high in simple carbohydrates
Physical inactivity
Pregnancy
Childhood weight
Age
HEALTH RISK OF OBESITY
Heart disease
Sleep apnea
Liver disease
Type 2 diabetes
High blood pressure
Artiritis
THE ROLE OF DIET IN THE MANAGEMENT OF OBESITY
Diet reflects the variety of foods and beverages consumed over time and in settings such as work sites, schools, restaurants and the home. Interventions to support a healthier diet can help ensure that; individuals have the knowledge and skills to make healthier choices and also healthier options are affordable and available.
DIETARY GUIDELINES
1.cut down on foods that provide high calorie.
2. Eat more nutritious foods that have low energy density.
3. Eat more complex carbohydrate such as Rice, whole-grain bread, fruits and vegetables.
4. Cut down on the intake of simple carbohydrates examples table sugar, sweets, cakes etc.
4.consult your dietitian before starting any dietary changes.
IN CONCLUSION
Obesity seems to look dangerous, but don’t panic you can prevent your health problems easily and you can lose weight through changes in your life style, dietary style and increased physical activity. But always remember that the prevention is always better than treatment

Write a comment